Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Rise and Fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
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Cote of Arms

1864-1918

Matthew Didur & Malick Ahmed

Mentor: Marjorie Murray




Major events

1864
Prussia and Austria combine forces to seize Schleswig-Holstein, but soon fall out.

1866
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Map of the Empire (colours for different nationalities)

Prussia invades its neighboring German states and launches the Seven Weeks' War.
The Prussians achieve the first blitzkrieg in their Seven Weeks' War defeat of the Austrians.
The terms of the treaty of Prague, ending the Seven Weeks War, make plain the transfer of German leadership from Austria to Prussia.
Austrian rule ends in the Venetian territories, which now join the new kingdom of Italy.

1867
Francis Joseph, emperor of Austria, is also crowned king of Hungary – to become ruler of the 'dual monarchy' of Austria-Hungary.
A revival of the Prussian Zollverein, or customs union, includes all the German states except Austria.
1878

A congress in Berlin agrees that Austria may administer the Turkish province of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1908
Austria annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina, in response to the policy of the Young Turks in Istanbul.
1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, is assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip.
Austria-Hungary plans to attack Serbia, in response to the assassination of the archduke, and seeks a guarantee of German support.
Germany promises to support Austria-Hungary if a strike against Serbia provokes war with Russia.
On July 28 Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, following this with bombardment of the Serbian capital, Belgrade.
On July 30 the Austrian attack on Serbia causes Russia to mobilize her army.
On August 1, in response to the tsar's mobilization of his troops, Germany declares war on Russia.
On August 10 France declares war on the empire of Austria-Hungary.
On August 12 Britain declares war on the empire of Austria-Hungary.


1915
Italy declares war against Austria-Hungary, but not as yet against Germany.
Austria-Hungary renews its attack on Serbia, and its troops capture Belgrade.
The Serbian army flees, abandoning Serbia to Austrian and Bulgarian invaders.

1916
The emperor Francis Joseph dies after 66 years on the thrones of Austria and Hungary.

1918

Austria-Hungary signs a separate armistice with the Allied powers, in a villa near Padua, without waiting for the Germans.
With the end of the Habsburg empire, German-speaking Austrians declare their own much smaller territory to be an independent republic.
The deposition of Karl I by the Austrian government brings to a formal end the empire of Austria-Hungary.
The new nation of Czechoslovakia is established, with Tomas Masaryk as its first president.
Prime minister Mihaly Karolyi proclaims the republic of Hungary, shortly after the demise of Austria-Hungary.